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How Caledonian Porcelain Paving is Made

How Caledonian Porcelain Paving is Made

Porcelain paving is quite new to the landscaping arena and comes in all kinds of colours and patterns. So how is this man-made product created?

The Making of Porcelain Paving

What ingredients are used for Caledonian porcelain paving?

Our porcelain paving is made using a mix of sand, clay and minerals. These can include Feldspar, a granitic mineral, China Clay, fine clays and quartzite sand.

What happens next?

  • The ingredients are mixed together in a large rotating drum, to grind down all the elements. They are then refined and ground down to a powder.
  • Water is added to the powder and then it is passed through an atomiser, which ensures the particles of clay, sand and water are all the same size.
  • Different mixes of clay, sand and minerals are created and kept separately. By using different blends of the mixes, varying light and dark porcelain can be created. Blending the mixes together to create varying types of porcelain is an art in itself, and is what allows us to offer such a great variety of finishes to our clients.

The porcelain tiles are pressed into shape…

Once the correct blend is created, the powder is pressed into moulds. This is where different sizes and shapes of tile can be made, with either smooth or textured surfaces. Once the powder has been pressed, it is so compacted that it becomes a pretty hard material.

These pressed shapes are passed through a dryer to remove more water.

Porcelain tiles supplied by Caledonian Stone can be all kinds of colours or patterns

At this stage, before it is fired, the paving tiles can be coloured or printed on. This is where different patterns – patterns that can even make a tile look like wooden decking – can be added.

Next, the pressed, printed or coloured tiles go into a huge kiln, which reaches temperatures of between 1200 and 1400 degrees Celsius. This hardens the material and reveals the printed pattern or colour – this is what makes our porcelain colour-fast, ensuring it will never fade over time.

How are the Caledonian porcelain tiles finished?

Some tiles have sawn edges to ensure a perfectly straight finish – our tiles are rectified, meaning they are cut down to ensure the edges are exactly straight for laying within only 0.5mm.

At Caledonian Stone, we can also machine a bull-nose edge onto tiles, which allows for a very finished and professional finish to steps and edges.

So that’s how Caledonian porcelain paving is made – pretty impressive, right?

The Benefits of Porcelain Paving

  • Stain-resistant
  • Frost and moss resistant
  • Fade-resistant
  • Tough enough to be used anywhere indoors or out
  • Non-slip surface
  • A multitude of colours and patterns.

More and more people are choosing porcelain paving for landscape projects and with all these benefits, it’s easy to see why.

Want to Find Out More?

Contact us at Caledonian Stone to discuss your requirements and request samples. Next-day delivery is available.

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