Porcelain paving is quite new to the landscaping arena and comes in all kinds of colours and patterns. So how is this man-made product created?
Our porcelain paving is made using a mix of sand, clay and minerals. These can include Feldspar, a granitic mineral, China Clay, fine clays and quartzite sand.
Once the correct blend is created, the powder is pressed into moulds. This is where different sizes and shapes of tile can be made, with either smooth or textured surfaces. Once the powder has been pressed, it is so compacted that it becomes a pretty hard material.
These pressed shapes are passed through a dryer to remove more water.
At this stage, before it is fired, the paving tiles can be coloured or printed on. This is where different patterns – patterns that can even make a tile look like wooden decking – can be added.
Next, the pressed, printed or coloured tiles go into a huge kiln, which reaches temperatures of between 1200 and 1400 degrees Celsius. This hardens the material and reveals the printed pattern or colour – this is what makes our porcelain colour-fast, ensuring it will never fade over time.
Some tiles have sawn edges to ensure a perfectly straight finish – our tiles are rectified, meaning they are cut down to ensure the edges are exactly straight for laying within only 0.5mm.
At Caledonian Stone, we can also machine a bull-nose edge onto tiles, which allows for a very finished and professional finish to steps and edges.
So that’s how Caledonian porcelain paving is made – pretty impressive, right?
More and more people are choosing porcelain paving for landscape projects and with all these benefits, it’s easy to see why.
Contact us at Caledonian Stone to discuss your requirements and request samples. Next-day delivery is available.